Germany is a member of the European Union. With 81.8 million inhabitants, it is the most populous member state. The official language is German, the currency is Euro, and the capitale is Berlin.
The asylum procedure
The Federal Office for Migration and Refugees
(Bundesamt für Migration und Flüchtlinge (BAMF)) is responsible for both the asylum procedure as well as the Dublin procedure.
You can say that you want to apply for asylum at the following authorities (orally or in writing):
- Directly at an office branch of the Federal Office for Migration and Refugees (Bundesamt für Migration und Flüchtlinge) or the initial reception centre for asylum seekers (Erstaufnahmeeinrichtung fürAsylbewerber)
- Or at the offices of the Aliens Authority (Ausländerbehörde), police or border guards who will direct you to the responsible branch of the BAMF or the initial reception centre that you should go to without delay.
- If you are detained, you can also apply for asylum in the detention centre. However, it means that your personal interview will take place in the detention centre. It is advisable to contact a lawyer.
After applying for asylum, you will be accommodated in the initial reception centre
close to the branch of the Federal Office for Migration and Refugees and for the duration of the examination of your asylum application, you are given permission to reside on German territory (Aufenthaltsgestattung) this will be your identification document.
After the formal assessment, your reasons for seeking asylum will be discussed in a personal interview.
If it is your first asylum application in Germany, you are guaranteed to have a personal interview. The interview is the most important part of the asylum procedure.
During the interview, you will be asked about your asylum application, your personal data, your itinerary and the reasons for claiming asylum. You should properly prepare yourself for this interview by reviewing your personal history and making a timeline of your persecution in order to be as precise and detailed as possible. It is possible to seek advice and support for this interview from a lawyer or social worker in the initial reception centre.
Moreover, an interpreter will be present at the interview.
In 2010, the Federal Office for Migration and Refugees took on average around 6 months for a final decision after the asylum application had been lodged.
If, after 6 months, no decision has been declared, you can ask the Office to notify you in writing when you can expect to receive the decision.
The asylum claims
In 2010, Germany hosted 48 490 asylum-seekers (including 41 255 new claims). Thus, Germany is the second host country of asylum-seekers in EU after France.
In first instance, 45310 decisions were taken, including 10 445 positives
(7755 refugee status, 545 subsidiary protection and 2145 status for humanitarian reasons). Thus, Germany has a rate of protection agreements much higher than in France (in first instance, there was 23% of protection agreements against 14% in France).
The Dublin procedure.
In 2010, Germany sent 6508 requests for take back or take charge.
In contrast to other Dublin states, asylum seekers are not informed about the initiation of a Dublin procedure.
Many refugees learn that their asylum application is not carried out in Germany ON THE DAY OF THEIR DEPORTATION which is regulated by German law. If you want to know whether a Dublin procedure is carried out and how you could fight against a deportation, you should go to a counselor or a lawyer as soon as possible.
Germany decided recently to not send asylum seekers back to Greece until January 2013